The world is moving against the risks that climate change is causing. The whole world is affected, and what happened this summer is a dangerous indicator.
Europe faced several floods because of heavy rainfall in an unprecedented event, and more than 200 people died.
Does anyone believe that the temperature in some European countries such as Italy reached 48 degrees!
“ACT NOW” campaign
The United Nations has announced the launch of the “ACT NOW” campaign, aimed at reducing global warming
Natural disasters in different parts of the world, such as the floods in Germany and wildfires in Canada and the United States, increase.
The campaign noted that to maintain a livable climate, greenhouse gas emissions must be reduced to zero by 2050.
Governments and Companies must do significant changes, noting that the transition to a low-carbon economy was not possible without the participation of citizens, especially in developed economies.
A report on the impact of climate change on humanity noted that about 166 million people in Africa and Central America, needed assistance between 2015 and 2019 due to emergency food associated with climate change.
Furthermore, between 8 and 80 million people are at greater risk of famine by 2050.
Agricultural yields have declined by between 4 and 10 % globally over the past 30 years.
Countries most vulnerable and may face the risk of extinction
Countries exposed to climate change have warned that they are on the verge of extinction if no action is taken to avoid it.
Developing countries announced the warning after reporting that global warming could make parts of the world uninhabitable by the UN.
The strongest reactions to this report have come from countries that are supposed to be the most vulnerable to this effect.
Which country on earth is most vulnerable to this climate change?
The Maldives is the lowest country in the world. Nasheed said the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on climate change (IPCC) forecasts would be devastating for the country, putting it on the brink of extinction.
The UN report stated that over the next two decades, it is likely that temperatures rise by 1.5 degrees.
This can lead to a rise in sea level by 0.5 meters, 2m in height by the end of the century.
Climate change in the world and its impact on Egypt
We must talk about the impact of climate change on water resources, especially considering the crisis of the Renaissance Dam.
All scientific centers in Egypt must join hands to preserve the water that comes from the Ethiopian Dam.
Since the 1990s, Egypt has suffered from a water gap of 20 billion cubic meters, while Egypt’s water needs have increased by 20%, due to the poor use of Water Resources and mismanagement.
Cities on the Mediterranean coast will sink
The most vulnerable places in Egypt are the coastal areas. As this will lead to the sinking of about half a million acres of crop-producing land.
The data suggest that by 2025, at least 90 countries will experience a serious shortage of freshwater resources.
One of the dangerous things that we must address quickly because of rising sea levels on the northern coasts of Egypt is the increase in the salinity of groundwater to a depth of 7 km.
Climate change also harms Red Sea coral reefs due to the high temperature and acidity of seawater. In principle, coral reefs have declined by 50 % and have lost their beautiful purple color.
The most dangerous in all this is that a sea-level rise of one meter will lead to the sinking of 970 square kilometers of Delta territory according to the forecasts of World Bank experts.!
Further effects of climate change in Egypt
As well as the rising temperatures will increase the demand for the use of air conditioners, which will affect the electric power!
Climate change in agriculture will lead to losses estimated at EGP 20 billion in 2030 to EGP 122 billion in 2060. In addition to financial losses resulting from flooded facilities and roads, according to the World Bank experts report.
What are the countermeasures Egypt trying to adopt?
Egypt is striving to make significant improvements in the operation and management of existing irrigation systems.
It is working to develop the irrigation system to achieve efficiency and equality in water distribution and access to the fields in a timely and appropriate quantity, which will, in turn, increase the yield by between 15% and 30% and prevent the use of irrigation water indiscriminately.