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The Egyptian Army in Sudan… What are the Reasons?

The Sudanese army announced the arrival of a group of Egyptian soldiers in its territory. As part of the preparations for the “Nile protectors” exercises that lasted from 26th till the 31st of the last month

Egyptian army spokesman, Colonel Tamer al-Rifai, confirmd the arrival of land, sea, and air Egyptian to Sudan to participate in a joint exercise.

The Preparations for the launch of the joint Sudanese-Egyptian training project (protectors of the Nile) completed, which will take place in Sudan from 26 to 31 May 2021.

The Egyptian forces involved in the project arrived at the Khartoum airbase and an arsenal of ground troops and vehicles that arrived by sea.

The Nile protect is an extension of the joint training cooperation between the two countries and was preceded by Nile Eagles 1 and 2. All aimed at exchanging military experiences, enhancing cooperation, and unifying working methods to address the expected threats to the two countries

Ethiopia is restricted towards its situation

The second filling of the Ethiopian dam will begin next Jul as expected. If It hasn’t reached an agreement with Egypt and Sudan. It will violate its commitments.

And that is clear. So, it is then outside international law and responsible conduct.

“Egypt has always declared that it will not relent in defending its interests and its water share.” Said Sameh Shokri, Egyptian Foreign Minister

Why is Egypt strengthening its military ties with the neighboring countries of Ethiopia?

Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has become the first Egyptian president to visit Djibouti in history.

In the video released by the Egyptian presidency, Djibouti’s President Ismail Guelleh and his Egyptian counterpart talked and exchange smiles as if they had known each other for a long time.

The visit aimed at strengthening bilateral relations in the economic, security, and military.

Sisi’s visit was preceded by a shipment of food and medical aid sent by Egypt to Djibouti.

Djibouti is the fifth country neighboring Ethiopia-after Sudan, Uganda, Burundi, and Kenya. Whichever Egypt has strengthened its military cooperation in the past three months.

This coincides with the approach of the second filling of the Renaissance Dam reservoir and the escalating tensions between Ethiopia and the Nile estuary countries Egypt and Sudan.

 Will the rapprochement between Egypt and Sudan change Ethiopia’s situation on the Renaissance Dam?

The foreign ministers of Egypt and Sudan expressed the importance of reaching a legal agreement on the filling and operation of the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam. An agreement will maintain the rights of the three countries, preserve the water rights of Egypt and Sudan and reduce the damage to this project on the two downstream states.

The ministers also stressed that Ethiopia’s unilateral implementation of the second phase of filling the Renaissance Dam would pose a direct threat to the water security of both Egypt and Sudan.

Cairo and Khartoum called on Addis Ababa to show good faith and engage in an effective negotiating process in order to reach a fair agreement for all parties.

From a military point of view

Several World reports discussed the possibility of using military options to stop the Renaissance. And varied in their assessment and the realism of their implementation.

A Bloomberg report says that Egypt’s use of the military option to solve the Renaissance Dam crisis may be unrealistic.

Although the world’s advances in offensive weapons could represent a good opportunity for Egypt to target the Renaissance Dam in a less dangerous manner, the best way to carry out such an operation is to carry out bombing from very low altitudes with bombs that can explode shortly after being dropped on the dam’s body.

Or can target the dam foundations from medium-altitude to destroy the base of the dam. Or by using several explosions under the water to make waves plosive more destructive on the body of the dam.

The report says that although the dam is remote from Egypt, Egyptian aircraft could use Sudanese airfields to carry out the bombing. But Sudan’s involvement in this may make it vulnerable to a direct military response from Ethiopia.