Morocco is one of the pioneering countries in the world that pushes its citizens into immigration.
In many international statistics, the Moroccan populations are ranked among the largest in Europe, North America, and the Gulf states.
For decades, Moroccans have been migrating to the west through various undercover routes. Some choose to ride death boats and surf to cross to the other bank. Others choose a narrow space among the cargo carried by large commercial trucks. While others choose to apply for unsecured contracts and pay lots of money.
The main causes of the growing phenomenon of forced migration in the Moroccan case are poverty, monopoly, and exclusion, which are the result of a corrupt authoritarian policy that acquires wealth.
Remarkable numbers of migrants cross from Morocco to Ceuta
At least 5000 migrants have arrived in the Spanish-controlled enclave of Ceuta from Morocco. It is a remarkable number comparing to the number of migrants arriving in a single day.
The migrants, including hundreds of minors, arrived in Ceuta by sea, either swimming or bypassing the border barriers.
Most of the migrants are reported to be Moroccans. And Spanish media reported that Moroccan border guards did not try to stop them.
The news published that the majority of migrants, who crossed the borders, were young people. With a high number of kids and families.
How did the migrants cross the sea?
Many of them used air-filled rubber tubes and small rubber boats to reach Ceuta, local Spanish authorities say.
The authorities transferred the arrivals to a migrant reception center. But the numbers continued to rise, with officials saying it reached 5,000 migrants, an unprecedented number. Officials warned that the numbers were likely to increase.
The Spanish Foreign Minister Arancha González Lea said that some migrants already returned to Morocco.
Ceuta: Spain sends troops after about 8,000 migrants enter
Spain has deployed military forces after an unprecedented number of migrants from Morocco entered the enclave of Ceuta.
Officials announced the entry of 8000 migrants into Ceuta within two days.
The officials said that the migrants, including around 1,500 minors, had bypassed the border fences in the sea.
Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez vowed to restore order and discipline. She said Spain has returned about half of the migrants to Morocco.
The Spanish prime minister traveled to Ceuta and Melilla to address the crisis, which has exacerbated tensions in diplomatic relations between Spain and Morocco.
Morocco called its ambassador for consultation after the Spanish Foreign Minister informed him of her disgusting feeling for what had happened.
Spain accuses Morocco of aggression
Spain accused Morocco of aggression and extortion after thousands of migrants flee into the Spanish-administered enclave of Ceuta.
The Spanish Minister of Defense, Margarita Robles, mentioned that the territorial integrity of Spain was non-negotiable and called on Morocco to comply with international law.
Madrid accused Rabat of deliberately allowing immigrants into its territory, because the leader of the Polisario, Brahim Ghali, is receiving medical treatment in Spain.
The minister accused Morocco of aggression and blackmailing after more than 8000 migrants poured into the enclave of Ceuta this week without restrictions.
Margarita Robles in an interview with a Spanish radio general said that the “Assault on the Spanish borders is not acceptable in international law”.
“We are not talking about young people between the ages of 16 and 17. Children as young as 7 or 8 years old were allowed to pass by. They ignore international law”.
“It is not acceptable to endanger the lives of minors or people in their country for reasons ununderstood reasons,” she added.
A number of Spanish and Moroccan non-governmental organizations expressed their concern to the large number of minors who had crossed the border into Ceuta. As well as those passing through Madrid.
Spain calls on Morocco to respect borders after the crisis of Ceuta
After thousands of migrants from Morocco arrived in the Spanish enclave of Ceuta, Madrid called on Rabat to respect the common border, asserting that it is its best ally in Europe.
Although most of the migrants returned to Morocco, some 1,000 minors migrants remained in Ceuta.
The immigration from Morocco will not stop if the government doesn’t help it’s people to have a better life.