Governments usually guarantee the essential human rights and physical security of their citizens. When governments are unwilling or incapable to try to do so, people may suffer such dangerous violations of human rights that they want to go away from their homes, their families, and their communities, to search for protection in different countries. Since, by definition, refugees aren’t protected by their governments, the international community steps in to make sure the individual’s rights and physical safety.
Turkey now hosts the biggest refugee population in the world. The govt of Turkey estimates the entire number of registered Syrians under Temporary Protection at 2,225,147 consistent with a new Policy Note prepared by the globe Bank, Turkey’s Response to the Syrian Refugee Crisis, and therefore the Road Ahead. The policy note collates existing publically available material on the situation of SuTPs in Turkey and summarizes not only the strategy and principles of Turkey’s unusual response to its displacement crisis; but also the challenges in maintaining the socioeconomic dimensions of displacement. The Note also highlights the remaining critical policy issues and therefore the road ahead for Turkey and what lessons might be drawn from the Turkish hosting experience for other countries’ refugee response efforts.
According to the policy note, there are two essential characteristics of the Turkish response effort
- That it adopts a non-camp
- The government-financed way strongly differentiates the response from many refugees hosting countries. The aim is to guide the refugees into camps maintained by humanitarian agencies.
The note sheds light on the foremost common issues faced by both displaced and host communities during a development-oriented response effort, including income, welfare, and employment; pressures on housing and services including education health; and public tensions and society relations.
“It has frequently become clear that humane assistance must be paired with development interventions which will start to reply to the scope. Long-term nature, and socio-economic influences of the refugee crisis, which is presently an important global matter. The govt of Turkey and therefore the World Bank are working in partnership to spot and mitigate the influences of Syrians under Temporary Protection (SuTPs) on Turkish host societies. “
Priorities for selecting refugees
Countries that take responsibility for most of the world’s refugees
Millions of refugees have been granted security and protection in another country, in the end, ten years. A few countries are carrying virtually all the responsibility, while most countries have hardly received any refugees at all.
The faint division of responsibilities means that some recipient countries, like Lebanon and turkey, are suffering under a heavy burden. But most of all, it impacts the refugees themselves.
On the whole, there are approximately 80 million displaced people in the world today. Of these, 33.8 million are refugees that have left for another country. Although this is a historically high figure, it is fully potential to offer all displaced people a dignified life, if we only have the will to do so.
The weak neighboring countries that welcomed millions of refugees are experiencing bigger pressure than other countries such as Sweden and Germany.
Many of the countries receiving the greatest number of refugees have not signed the Refugee Convention, which means the refugees there have limited protection. This applies to countries such as Lebanon, Bangladesh, and Jordan. While Turkey made an exception when they ratified the convention so that it only applies to refugees from Europe.
What do refugees require after leaving everything behind?
As refugee families recognize they may never return home, they often face an awful loss of hope so everyone has to help.
Be protected against violence
Women and girls are particularly vulnerable. They face violations including forced marriage, exploitation, and sexual violence so they require protection against any violence.
Have enough water and food
Providing emergency support to families living in transient shelters – including clean food, water, tarps, hygiene kits, and other essential items
Nigerian refugees in Sayam Forage, an UN-administered refugee camp in the Diffa region. It is in the middle of the desert, isolated from the city. Water is scarce, and there’s no work. Or a simply accessible market is one example where there is a lot like this.
Live in a safe house
Keep family united
Forced displacement drives many families apart, wrenching children from their parents and grandparents, separating siblings, and finishing extended family networks.
Find a decent job
In some wasted countries, refugees are seen as guests and not allowed to work. But in others, they can.
Syrians seeking refuge in neighboring countries have a constant worry of arrest or possible expulsion. The absence of valid residency documents as well as work permits is affecting every aspect of their lives. While the poor access to education is affecting their children’s future