Any mental health specialist will tell that no one is immune to mental health problems. Whenever this topic is mentioned, most have been known to either disregard it or to take it to be petty. Some think that mental health issues are restricted to people who belong to social class, race, demeanor, or economic status. Before we get to how to maintain us in check mentally, let’s bust some myths oscillating around mental health.
What brings about mental health issues?
Causes of mental health issues are mainly populated with mythical rumors and whispers. Right from mild conditions that include stress disorders, to the hefty ones like schizophrenia, mental health issues are brought about by several factors. While most studies have related mental health issues to genetics, the environment in which one is brought up can equally predispose one to mental health conditions. Before you get it all wrong, the term environment is broad and cuts around the availability and unavailability of everyday basic needs and the socialization from the surrounding people.
Human beings live their life following specific patterns; if these patterns get interference, we decipher it as change. Change is inevitable; however, abrupt change makes us uncomfortable, thus unwelcome. Change can cause stress, anxiety, and uncertainty, depending on the positivity and negativity that comes with it.
In the wake of coronavirus, the world is witnessing an almost overnight change of ordinary life. Following the seemingly unexpected explosion of cases worldwide and the World Health organization’s guidelines to curb this virus, the tables have somewhat turned. Significant issues of mental breakdown and associated problems are now being recorded.
Want to know why the cases have risen more? Here are three significant reasons:
Ingredients fueling the rise of mental health issues
Pandemic’s economic and financial strain
Unfortunately, just as the number of cases started reducing, a second wave started whirling. All along, nations around the world have been taking precautionary measures in line with W.H.O guidelines. While this has seen the number of mortalities and morbid cases reduce, the world’s economy has been critically injured. In any case, the pandemic watered down the efforts that had realized significant improvement in economic growth across most countries. Consequently, companies and businesses have temporarily shut down while others lay off employees. Millions of people have become jobless yet cooped up in their houses with no income to pay their bills or feed their families.
This prolonged stress and uncertainty may be the perfect ingredient to an explosion of anxiety disorders as a mental health illness.
Sudden social and cultural changes
The maxim “no man is an island” might just have been turned against its inventors with the constant emphasis on social distancing. Man thrives best in the company of others; thus, he is a social being. When W.H.O recommended social distancing as one of the guidelines to control the spread of coronavirus, measures have been put to halt social gatherings. Consequently, most people have been cooped up in their houses for months reducing physical. Problem shared is a problem half solved; in this case, it is difficult to convey the situation since you don’t even know how the other person is. For this reason, those with existing mental disorders and mental illness may worsen in silence.
Internet and social media
Have you ever tried to think about how life would be if there were no internet? I bet it is unimaginable. The internet has seen most of the processes become more effortless. Communication, businesses, meetings, and even recently, education are just a simple click of a button away. Online platforms have been a blessing for everyone, especially in the wake of COVID-19, meetings being conducted virtually among others.
While all is true, some people have used the internet to propel cynical propaganda is being released to the public, causing a lot of paranoia. Social media has also been a significant boost to cyberbullying and the extreme sharing of private information with almost everything been done online. When there is a string of fake news in the media, a wave of panic buying emerges.
Besides, there have been misinformations on the mode of transmission and inpatient disturbing videos going viral. Although the public is becoming aware of fake news, those who are still naïve can be prone to significantly prolonged fear of contracting the virus or loved ions contracting the virus. Extreme and prolonged paranoia can make one delusional.
When do you seek a mental health professional?
During this pandemic, it is easy for one’s mental health to be disrupted due to a change in routine, stress, and uncertainty. These symptoms would help guide you know when to seek help:
- When you always feel unhappy and sad, along with a lack of enthusiasm towards life or any activity.
- Persistent fear, worry, and or paranoia because of fear of getting sick or loved one’s getting sick.
- Being extra moody in a way that you become almost dysfunctional.
- Suicidal thoughts and or the urge to harm yourself.
- Addiction of substances, drugs, pornography since you are in the house most of the time.
- Inability to cope with a sudden change like losing a loved one, prolonged separation from loved due to patients’ isolation. Frontline workers may be moved from their homes.
- Change in eating habits, overeating or not eating while moody.
- Loss of appetite.
- You might need to get a mental assessment from the doctor due to a sudden change in sleeping routine or behavior.insomnia from worrying or overthinking.
How to assess your mental health
The best way to assess your mental health is to see a doctor.
Usually, your doctor will perform a mental health assessment. Your physician will take down your health history and also perform a physical examination before making a diagnosis. The physician will also ensure you are clear and have no other underlying ailments.
Alternatively, you can take an online assessment that gives results instantly. Remember, online reviews may not be accurate and or reliable.
How to keep mentally healthy
You must be wondering, how do I maintain my mental health in a time of global crisis? Well, here are tips just for you:
Exercises come in handy during this time. When talking about workouts, think not only about the extraneous activities; you can do routine walks and jogs around your estate. If the gym is not available, take advantage of the park or even the extra space in your house to do home workout routines. Exercising will help you release all that tension. It will also help you keep fit.
Keep a diary or a work schedule.
Most of our routines have been interfered with, and as we said, a handful of us don’t like change. To avoid confusion and the feeling of loss of control, you can make weekly schedules and daily diary to keep you focused all week long. Once a day is over, review your journal to see whether you followed through with your weeks or day’s plan.
Be social from a distance.
Thanks to the internet, we can maintain social contact without being physically close to one another. Maintain physical distance, but do not withdraw from your friends and family call; chat with them. Be careful though you don’t compare yourself with other posts, don’t want to have esteem issues. Social media addiction is real; beware.
Fake news is on the rise. Take caution of your source of information; you don’t want to be panic buying or panicking for no reason. Verify information on any platform from trusted sources before you believe it.
Work on your personal growth
You can make this work from home a blessing in disguise; explore your talents, weaknesses, strengths, and work to improve your weaknesses. Realize that it’s a hard time for everyone and don’t be too harsh on yourself.
Gulf of Oman: The New Battleground Between USA and Iran
On July 5, 2023, a Wednesday morning, two Iranian Navy ships approached US oil tankers in two separate incidents in the Gulf of Oman. One of the Iranian Navy ships fired its weapons at an oil tanker – escalating tensions in the region. The incident is marking another chapter in a string of incidents that have been occurring since 2019.
The Gulf of Oman Incident
According to commander Tim Hawkins, spokesman for the U.S. Navy’s Fifth Fleet:
“The Iranian navy did make attempts to seize commercial tankers lawfully transiting international waters.”
At 01:00 AM local time, an Iranian Navy ship came near the oil tanker TRF Moss, which was flagged by the Marshall Islands. However, the Iranian Navy ship left the region when the US Navy destroyer USS McFaul arrived in the area.
Further, three hours later, at 4:00 AM, the US Navy received a distress call from the Bahamas-flagged oil tanker Richmond Voyager. According to the US Navy, the Bahamas-flagged oil tanker was more than 20 miles from the coast of Muscat, Oman, when another Iranian Navy ship came approaching the US oil tanker.
The Iranian Navy ship was signaling the oil tanker to stop when the same US Navy destroyer, USS McFaul, headed towards the oil tanker at full speed.
The Iranian Navy fired its weapons before the US Navy destroyer USS McFaul arrived on the scene with a lot of bullets in a short period of time. According to the US Navy, the Iranian Navy fired with both small arms, such as pistols and rifles, and crew-served weapons, such as machine guns and cannons.
The bullets struck the side of the oil tanker near the crew’s living spaces, but no one was injured. However, The US Navy destroyer USS McFaul arrived on the scene, and the Iranian Navy ship left.
The Continual Attacks of Iran in the Gulf of Oman –
Iran has been continuously involved in multiple attacks on oil tankers since 2019 on a major shipping route for oil. According to the US Navy, Iran has either harassed or seized nearly 20 commercial ships that have been flagged by other countries since 2021.
Such attacks on major shipping routes for oil pose a clear threat to the security of shipping in the region and the global economy – according to the US Navy. The recent attack of July 2023 was not the first attempt by Iran; on June 14, 2019, Iran attempted to seize two US oil tankers by blast, which spiked the oil price significantly. However, the explosions raised concerns about a potential military conflict between Iran and the United States.
Earlier this year, Iran took control of two oil tankers in less than a week in the same region of the Strait of Hormuz, near the Gulf of Oman. Hence, knowing the importance and criticality of waterways for the global economy, such seizures prompted the US to send more ships and aircraft to patrol the Strait of Hormuz. The United States is working with individual countries in the region to deter threats to commercial shipping and prevent attacks on commercial ships.
In May 2023, Greece issued a serious notice and warned ship owners to stay away from Iranian waters because there was a risk of being attacked. However, the latest seizure of an oil tanker by Iran is part of a series of attacks on commercial vessels in the Gulf of Oman that have been happening since 2019.
Why is Iran Constantly Attacking US Oil Tankers?
According to the U.S. Navy, in the past two years, Iran has taken commercial vessels in at least five instances. Additionally, they have recorded more than a dozen instances of Iran bothering commercial vessels during the past two years. And many of the incidents have happened in the Strait of Hormuz or nearby regions, a major shipping route for oil, which accounts for about 20% of all crude oil.
The constant attack of Iran on US oil tankers in waterways is considered retaliation for withdrawing Iran’s 2015 nuclear agreement with world powers and restoring crippling sanctions by the US during the reign of President Trump.
The Trump administration’s decision to leave the Iran nuclear deal and impose new sanctions on Iran has led to increased tensions between Iran and the United States.
However, after the decision to leave the Iran nuclear deal, Iran has increased its nuclear activities within the country, which could be used to develop nuclear weapons. However, the United States and other countries in the world have worked together to prevent such practices by Iran.
Nevertheless, Iran has denied such practice and says that its nuclear activities are for peaceful purposes, such as generating electricity. Further, Iran is providing Russia with armed drones that can be used in the war against Ukraine. This is further increasing tension among countries and is a serious concern for the international community.
What will Happen Next?
The ongoing tension between Iran and the US serves as a stark reminder of the delicate balance that should be maintained in international waters. Iran’s repeated attack on the US and other countries’ oil tankers and commercial vessels shows the ever-complex geopolitical landscape in the middle-east region.
However, as countries work together to maintain maritime trade security, diplomatic efforts and international cooperation must be at the forefront of resolving these conflicts.
The world is watching closely with the hope of a peaceful resolution – especially in times of current economic and diplomatic uncertainties.
Manipur Violence Sparks Debate in Indian Parliament
For the past few days, India’s Parliament is unable to function properly. The opposition has been pushing for a debate on the violence in Manipur under relevant rules of the parliament proceedings. However, the ruling BJP party has been refusing the opposition’s request. As a result, the Indian lawmakers have not been able to carry out much business in the parliament. People have raised questions about the losing credibility of the parliament.
Also, read Modi Bats for Uniform Civil Code in India
Since May this year, Manipur has been engulfed in ethno-religious violence. The violence erupted on May 3 after a ‘Tribal Solidarity March’ was organised in the hill districts to protest against the Meitei community’s demand for Scheduled Tribe (ST) status. More than 160 people have been killed in the violence so far. The government has imposed curfew in the state.
Read here, Modi Visits US Amidst Human Rights Criticism
GOI avoiding accountability on Manipur violence
While the law-and-order machinery in the state has broken, the state government has largely avoided accountability for the Manipur violence. Further, people at the helm of affairs in Manipur, including police have played partisan role in the violence. There are reports of police officers of one ethnic community inflicting violence against members of the other community. Reports and videos of sexual violence coming from Manipur this week shocked India except for the ruling party. There had been efforts to suppress the reports and videos of Manipur sexual violence. Despite attempting to delete the video clips from phones and internet ban in the state, the videos somehow went viral on social media.
Opposition parties on Manipur violence
Given the gravity of the situation, various opposition parties in India had called for the resignation of the state government. The state government however continues to ignore these calls. Similarly, Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi has not spoken a word on the issue. During these three months, Modi has attended various rallies and functions and spoken a lot about the achievements of his government, but Manipur does not seem to exist for him.
Read here, Karnataka Elections: Setback for Modi
Modi not attending parliament on Manipur violence
Modi has also not attended the parliament to talk about Manipur violence. He has been absent from the parliament. The opposition demanded his presence in the parliament to debate and discuss on Manipur. However, the ruling government has rejected the opposition demands. Even though the government agreed to have a short discussion on Manipur, it wanted to do it without the presence of Modi.
GOI’s whataboutery on Manipur violence
One of the horrible things that was witnessed in parliament recently was the ruling government resorting to whataboutery. When the opposition demanded a discussion on Manipur sexual violence, the members of ruling party, including Minister for Women and Child Development, Smriti Zubin Irani resorted to whataboutery. If the opposition wants to discuss Manipur sexual violence, the ruling government wants to discuss sexual violence in opposition-ruled states. However, opposition members argued that while sexual violence against women was happening in other states, the sexual violence in Manipur had a genocidal intent.
Meanwhile, opposition leaders asked the Upper House to suspend all other business and take up the discussion on Manipur. Rajya Sabha chairman Jagdeep Dhankhar did not allow the discussion and rejected the demands for PM’s presence in the House.
Opposition parties demand discussion on Manipur violence
Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) Raghav Chadha cited an example from Congress days when the chairman had suspended all other businesses to take up the issue of attacks on migrants from Northeast. Manipur is one of the states located in the Northeast. The people from Northeast are discriminated and attacked in the mainland India. During the Covid-19 pandemic, there were various reports of violence on migrants from Northeast states.
“The images of brutality and monstrosity coming from Manipur have shaken the soul of India to its core. Is this India of 21st century? Is this the New India of which the prime minister sings paens across the world? Did the people of Manipur vote for this?” Chadha said.
“The ministers of BJP tweet if there is a small earthquake anywhere from Pakistan to Kazakhstan. And now when Manipur is burning, these people are not even bothered. The cries of Manipur have reached every corner of the world, but not the corridors of power in Delhi,” he added.
Indian parliament over Manipur violence
The way the current regime has handled parliament proceedings has made parliament a joke. The opposition is not being heard in the parliament. The only function of parliament for Modi’s party is to pass bills and make laws conveniently with the help of its brute majority. The government does not want any inconvenience. It does not want discussion on anything inconvenient. The opposition can either toe the line or they can shout and stage a walk-out. However, the government will not concede, and it will do what it wants to do. One wonders what the function of the opposition in India’s parliament is today. Currently, it seems it has none.
LGBT Rights in India: The Long and Difficult Battle to Legalizing Same-Sex Marriage
“They might be a minority, but the majority cannot decide the rights of the minority,” utters the Supreme Court advocate during the hearing on same-sex marriage.
Same-Sex Marriage in India
On January 6, 2023, the Supreme Court of India decided to address the pending petitions for same-sex marriage pending in different high courts.
Homosexuality was decriminalized in India in 2018. But, same-sex marriages are still not accepted by the law.
However, in a discussion during parliament on the same petition, BJP minister Sushil Modi’s position was completely different. According to him, “Same-sex marriages go against Indian culture.” He also added, “Same-sex marriage is neither recognized nor accepted in any uncodified personal law.”
The statement from the BJP MP manifested a completely different outlook and belief for the Indian government regarding same-sex marriages. Marriage laws in India are governed by personal laws, which vary based on an individual’s religion.
Currently, Indian law defines marriage as a union between a man and a woman. Hence, the concept of same-sex marriage is a hard pill to swallow for Indian culture and society.
Legalizing Same-Sex Marriges – Fighting for Equality
The current situation of the LGBTQ+ community in India is not yet entitled to the same legal recognition as other communities. The LGBTQ+ members often live in shadows, rejected by their families or society at large.
Their efforts to legalize same-sex marriage in India are still ongoing, with various advocacy groups and individuals working towards achieving marriage equality with little hope in sight.
In 2018, the Supreme Court of India decriminalized homosexuality. According to the law, same-sex couples can live together legally in India.
Then a question might arise – what could be the reason behind not legalizing same-sex marriage?
Understanding What is the LGBTQ+ Community-Fighting?
Here, the battle is to legalize same-sex marriage and get the same legal rights and protections that heterosexual couples enjoy or gain in India.
According to the law, a same-sex couple cannot adopt a child. The law also allows a single woman to adopt a child of any gender. But a single man is eligible to adopt only a male child.
Thus, LGBTQ+ individuals can apply for the adoption of a child as a single parent. But their partner will not have legal rights to the adopted child. Thus, supporters of LGBTQ+ rights emphasize how such laws give rise to prejudice in society.
In India, there are many family laws that regulate matters of adoption, surrogacy, inheritance, etc. However, in all such laws, “Marriage” plays a crucial part. As LGBTQ+ couples cannot legally marry, they are deprived of rights afforded by these laws.
Moreover, the LGBTQ+ couple is not eligible to get life insurance for their partner. They cannot buy a joint home loan as there is no legal recognition of their marriage, and they experience a lack of safety and security from society and the government. Further, there is no law specifying who inherits the property in case of the absence of a will. Thus, the LGBTQ+ community wants to legalize same-sex marriage in India.
The On-going Arguments by LGBTQ+ supporters
The LGBTQ+ supporters argue that the Supreme Court of India has intervened in many inter-caste and inter-religious marriages in the past. Then, why can’t the Supreme Court support same-sex marriages? Many legal experts have pointed if we legalize same-sex marriage, we do not necessarily involve in changing the articles of the Constitution.
All it requires are a few amendments to the Special Marriage Acts. Legal experts claim that the act should be made gender-neutral. That is if a man’s marriage to a woman is a legal procedure, then same-sex marriage should be legally recognized under the Act.
Changing the Law
The second argument that LGBTQ+ supporters proposed is that by changing the law. They argue that by changing the law, the people’s opinions towards them will also change.
According to the reports, after the decriminalization of homosexuality, there has been an increase in societal acceptance of the LGBTQ+ community.
Existence of Same-Sex Relationships in the History
The third argument that LGBTQ+ supporters proposed is that same-sex relationships in India date back to the past. According to Harbans Mukhia, a well-known historian, homosexuality in India was criminalized by the British government under Indian Penal Code 377 in the 19th century due to their Christian belief system.
But both Hindu and Muslim histories show multiple mentions of homosexual relationships in India. For example, the Khajuraho temple in Madhya Pradesh has an ancient sculpture chronicling four women having homosexual or the Hindu text Kamasutra.
Moreover, Devdut Patnayak, the famous Indian author, shared that in the Rigveda, Mitra, and Varuna, both male gods, are said to have a child. In the Mahabharata, the story of Shikandi, who was responsible for the death of Bhisma. She was born as a daughter but raised as a man.
In Muslim history, Shah Hussain, the Sufi poet, is believed to have fallen in love with a Hindu boy, Madho Lal. Even a Mughal Emperor had a similar experience. In his Memoir, Baburnama, Babur enunciates his attraction towards a boy named Baburi in Kabul.
However, the counterargument is: Indian history may have seen same-sex relationships, but there is no evidence of same-sex marriages.
India Is Not Ready for Same-Sex Marriage
The people who oppose the legalization of same-sex marriage in India argue that same-sex marriage violates the fundamental unit of our society—the family. Many also argue that legalizing same-sex marriages is an acceptance of Western culture and a violation of Indian values.
Moreover, Indian society also believes that marriage is not just an instrument of enjoyment but it is procreation. As same-sex couples can’t procreate, what’s the use of their marital union?
However, India’s society and culture are designed on the basis of exceptions, which makes India not ready. Moreover, to make Indian society accept such a community, the first thing it needs is a change in their perspective of thinking and adoption of what is truthful and natural.
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